PERFORMANCE & EFFICIENCY AUDITING

 PERFORMANCE AUDIT     Meaning   An independent examination of the efficiency and effectiveness of government undertakings, programs or organisations, with due regard to economy, and the aim of leading to improvements”.   Performance audit is simply an audit of sound financial management, namely of the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which audited … Read more

SOURCE OF FINANCE

 SOURCE OF FINANCE     Sources of finance are the most explored area especially for the entrepreneurs about to start a new business. It is perhaps the toughest part of all the efforts. There are various sources of finance classified based on time period, ownership and control, and source of generation of finance. … Read more

Stress

 BEHAVIOR   MEETING LIFE CHALLENGES : STRESS   Stress: – The pattern of responses an organism makes to stimulus event that disturbs the equilibrium and exceeds a person’s ability to cope.   NATURE OF STRESS   Stress is not a factor that resides in the individual or the environment, instead it is embedded … Read more

TECHNIQUES OF ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 TECHNIQUES OF ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS   A Financial Statement is an organized collection of data according to logical and consistent accounting procedures. Its purpose is to convey an understanding of some financial aspects of a business firm. It may show assets position at a moment of time as in the case of balance sheet, or … Read more

MGMT PLANNING

 FUNCTIONS OF MANAGEMENT   PLANNING Planning is a process of determination of organization’s objectives and selecting the courses of actions. i.e. Plans for attaining them. Planning is the primary or basic management function.   Planning Process                                 Types/Dimensions … Read more

Management Intro

 MANAGEMENT     Management is a process of designing and maintaining an environment in which individuals, working together in groups, accomplish selected aims. In other words,” It is the accomplishment of Goals through others.” Management has been used in different senses. Sometimes it refers to the process of planning, organizing, staffing, directing, coordinating … Read more

Personality

 BEHAVIOR- PERSONALITY THEORIES       What is Personality :-   It is a stable set of internal characteristics and tendencies that determines the psychological behavior of people. It is particular pattern of behaviour and thinking that prevail across time and contexts and differentiates one person from other.   In simple  terms “Personality … Read more

Resposiblity Accounting

 RESPONSIBILITY ACCOUNTING   Responsibility accounting is a management control system based on the principles of delegating and locating responsibility. The authority is delegated on responsibility centre and accounting for the responsibility centre. Responsibility accounting is a system under which managers are given decisions making authority and responsibility for each activity occurring within a … Read more

Cognition

       BEHAVIOUR   INTELLIGENCE (Cognitive; Emotional; Social; Cultural; Multiple)     Cognitive Intelligence   Cognition: Mentally processing information (images, concepts, etc.); thinking Intelligence: It is the ability to process data into more efficient systems by acquiring learned substantive mental methods which develops into cognitive ability.   Cognitive intelligence is the ability … Read more

Cognition

       BEHAVIOUR   INTELLIGENCE (Cognitive; Emotional; Social; Cultural; Multiple)     Cognitive Intelligence   Cognition: Mentally processing information (images, concepts, etc.); thinking Intelligence: It is the ability to process data into more efficient systems by acquiring learned substantive mental methods which develops into cognitive ability.   Cognitive intelligence is the ability … Read more

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